The History of the Egmond Guitar (subtitled)

A film by Siert van den Berg about the history of the Egmond family that ran a business from Eindhoven in The Netherlands "Musica Musical Instruments", and moved to Best in 1960. Here acoustic and electric "Egmond" guitars were being built on a large scale: 200.000 guitars each year, that found their way around the world.

Part 1: 24 min. of the 1 hr. 9 min. documentary. Subtitling is a work in progress.

The story.

Before the Second World War, retired railway official Uilke Egmond supplements his income by giving violin lessons and starts selling musical instruments to his students. During the war he establishes a music store under the name Musica in the center of Eindhoven. His eldest son Gerard starts working with his father and, due to a lack of sufficient supply of musical instruments in the war years, starts building simple guitars. His three brothers Dick, Piet and Jaap soon join him after the war and so a small factory on the Frankrijkstraat was created. The demand for guitars is increasing in the late 1950s and in 1960 a new modern business space is opened in Best. Here the production is increased to 200,000 guitars per year that find their way to all parts of the world. Due to the rise of the Asian countries, almost all producers of musical instruments in the West face serious problems in the late 1960s. The Egmonds, too, can only keep their factory going with the help of government support. But in 1972 the involvement of the Egmond family in the company comes to an end and an American trading company ("Tolchin Musical Instruments Inc.") becomes a major shareholder. For a while it seems that new times are coming for the factory, when the American company C.F. Let Martin orders a series of guitars to their own high standard under the name Vega Guitars, made by Martin in The Netherlands. However, the guitars appear to have too many defects and Martin soon decides to cancel the cooperation with the Dutch company. In 1977 the factory in Best closes its doors. In September 1979 a number of machines purchased from the bankruptcy are transferred to the social workplace in Boxtel. Under the guidance of a number of former employees from Best, guitars will be made for a few more years under the name Alpha. Tolchin is still the distributor of these instruments at that time. In 1981 however, this company is taken over by the English company Boosey & Hawkes, and there is no longer room for these instruments in their range.